Do you think that the potential benefit of AI outweighs the potential risks?

We live in a world where robots are beginning to take over citizenship. Yes, you read that right! Sophia, a humanoid robot, recently acquired citizenship in Saudi Arabia. Sophia uses artificial intelligence to mimic human movements and facial expressions and attends various summits around the world, where she speaks and provides intelligent answers to questions; as a man does.

But artificial intelligence (AI) is not just about robots and stereotypical perceptions of artificial intelligence that are etched in the minds of the mass media. Simply put, artificial intelligence is about programming machines so that they can consider themselves our people. AI is about imitating human intelligence. It may sound like rocket science, but we use artificial intelligence many times in our daily lives.

Remember Siri on the iPhone or how Google knows which emails should be sent to the spam folder and which shouldn’t. AI is deeply integrated into our daily lives.

AI in action

Self-driving cars – These driverless cars are the latest revolution in the history of car production. These cars have computers that are programmed to make the best possible decisions in real-time driving situations. Computers are powered by a wealth of data collected from real-life situations.

Google Maps – Maps applications, such as Google Maps, can calculate the fastest and shortest routes to our destination by analyzing traffic speeds, accidents, real-time driver updates, and more. Google has even created a feature that allows you to find the parking spot that’s closest to you. Well that’s a relief!

Virtual Assistants – They are like real life assistants and they are free! Siri from Apple, Cortana from Microsoft, Nina and many other virtual assistants appeared on the smartphone scene. But they are not limited to smartphones. You may have found the same virtual assistants on an online website where the site offers the customer a “live chat service” to answer your questions. They are called “Chatbots” and have gained popularity on many websites.

Video games – artificial intelligence is not in playing new games. However, the levels of complexity have increased so much that the characters in the game can now learn your character, understand your preferred style, and act / respond to these inputs to provide you with a more individualized gaming experience.

Autopilot in years – This was one of the first uses of AI and is now actually used for most all flights. In fact, today, human pilots largely operate the controls only manually during takeoff and landing. At any moment, it is an autopilot that flies you around the world.

Smart Appliances – Consumer electronics implemented by AI technology are widely used today. Televisions, refrigerators, thermostats, light bulbs, security cameras, health monitors and many other gadgets under the common heading “Internet of Things (IoT)” are popular products today.

Spam email filters – Spam filters often use an artificial neural network to detect and block spam emails. According to all records, Gmail records 99.9% of all spam emails using AI technology.

Industry and cyber security – While robotic arms and even stereotypical robots are used in industries such as automotive manufacturing, artificial intelligence is now finding its way into almost every industry you can imagine. The cyber security industry has also made progress and progress and can still be seen in the use of artificial intelligence to prevent hackers and cyber attacks. It is beginning to seem that every area in the business world is immersed in AI. And researchers are constantly looking for other potential areas where artificial intelligence can be adapted.

It is beginning to seem that every area in the business world is immersed in artificial intelligence. And researchers are constantly looking for other potential areas where artificial intelligence can be adapted.

Benefits of AI

Efficient and cost-effective: AI constantly uses more sophisticated core technologies and computer machines with the ability to quickly analyze large amounts of data. Therefore, jobs that are monotonous in nature may be simpler, faster, and more accurate. All this also applies at a reasonable price and in some cases at no cost. Life is easier: people today rely on a variety of artificial intelligence-based applications to make their lives easier. A thermostat that knows when you can go home and adjust the temperature, the lights will be brighter and brighter depending on the location of your home, digital assistants like Alexa and Siri can help you in various ways like setting alarms, reading books, finding restaurants and more .

Medical goals: AI has found very valuable applications in the medical field. This makes diagnostics more accurate than ever before. Physicians are beginning to use robots and robotic arms to perform specific types of operations for more accurate work. In fact, remote surgeries are now possible, where a doctor can sit in New York but operate on a patient in Paris using robotic arms and an Internet connection. Surgical simulators are now used to train physicians. There are therapeutic robots to improve patient viability and portable health monitors such as Fitbit that monitor your health on the go. These are just a few examples; the list is really long.

Overcoming human limitations: Artificial intelligence can reach places and help people do things we are limited to. For example, exploring the universe to a greater extent, where it can be dangerous for humans to reach or reach the deep ocean, where humans may not be able to survive.

Clever predictions: Technological progress has created a sea of ​​data. This is one of the main reasons why AI is used by various institutions, especially the medical and financial fields, to organize and manage data. Artificial intelligence can analyze data to find patterns, extrapolate them based on those patterns, and come up with predictions that make better and faster decisions.
 

Disadvantages of artificial intelligence

There is no doubt that AI has great promise. However, performing tasks performed on machines with little or no human intervention has its own problems and disadvantages.

Health problems: Relationships between people have become digital. There are 2.13 billion Facebook users active per month worldwide, and 5 new profiles are created every second. Facebook, Instagram and other social networks use AI technology to make these platforms more addictive for you. People are amazed at the excessive use of social networks, which has negatively affected their health and well-being. Anxiety disorders, depression and lack of sleep are just some of these negative effects.

Environmental toll: The large amount of data generated and transmitted is in fact one of the reasons for global warming, which leads to different types of weather disturbances and weather patterns. It is possible that we can analyze and analyze the data footprint we create and its impact on our natural resources.

Unemployment: Artificial intelligence can lead to unemployment if machines replace the work done by people. Because people can’t work 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and drive machinery, the industry is pushing to use AI technology to get a smooth job every day. What’s more, it also helps reduce costs.

Artificial idiots: In terms of cyber security, AI raises several serious questions. Sometimes you leave systems and entire processes to autopilot. The systems supply large amounts of data so that they can learn trends and formats and trade with them. But what if an insidious hacker or insider feeds insidious and targeted data so that the AI ​​infrastructure thinks and behaves a certain way? The world of cyber security always talks about how people are most vulnerable. In situations like these, computers have also become the most vulnerable link.

Artificial intelligence in the wrong hands: When machines fall into the wrong hands, they can be used to commit New Year’s terrorism, automated cyber attacks, and other bad things that are only limited in size, according to the image of the harmful individual. Researchers have found ways to manipulate the speaker’s speech into new speech synchronized lips. So you can tell someone things they never said, in their own tone. False reports reach record levels.

Threats


With the widespread adoption of artificial intelligence in various industries, cybercriminals are already changing their study of artificial intelligence. Symantec recently predicted that by 2018, cybercriminals would use AI to launch more sophisticated attacks.

And AI itself, there are some serious cyber security questions that need to be asked. Here’s a look at some of the threats that AI poses. Multiple data: AI has the ability to work with multiple data. The data collected is not just simple data, but data that contains every minute detail about an event or transaction. It is also known as “Big Data”. The idea of ​​a hacker having access to Big Data should be a cause for serious concern.

Also, because we are talking about automating the decision-making process, there is no transparency as to why the machine came to a certain conclusion, and because there is so much data, it can be technically impossible for people who understand what is happening. In fact, there is a good chance that people will lose differences in the results displayed by the machine. Think of it as an industrial setting related to critical infrastructure, such as water treatment plants, nuclear reactors, rail transport, etc., and you will see the extent of the threat.

Privacy: A large number of artificial intelligence tools now collect a significant amount of personal data from individuals. Take the example of IoT gadgets, health monitors, fitness gadgets, smart TVs and many other IoT gadgets gather a lot of information about individuals and even their surroundings. This data can be very vulnerable in the wrong hands. Many new tools do not address important cyber security questions and concerns, such as – where data is stored, what safeguards are used to protect data, who controls the data, shared data, obtaining permission. and other difficult but critical issues. Because these devices are now part of an individual’s daily life, they affect the organization in which the individual also works and change the overall dynamics of the organization’s approach to cyber security.

AI – The New Hacker: Hackers are also starting to use AI as a powerful new tool. Two data scientists recently conducted an experiment to find out what’s better between humans and artificial intelligence so that Twitter users click on a malicious link. Researchers have learned artificial intelligence to study the behavior of social network users and then design and implement their own phishing reports. It is known that the performance of AI hackers is better than the performance of human hackers. There are bad marks that are proof of how innovative a two-edged sword is.

Out of control: Machines / robots based on artificial intelligence are created with the ability to make intellectual decisions like humans. Artificial intelligence basically learns to “learn” on its own and also to make informed decisions, even if it does not have data relevant to the same situations. If intelligent ability is designed through self-learning, it is probably not far from saying that there is a possibility that an intelligent machine can create a “self-mind.” If not by itself, then it can be argued that with the “help” of an evil hacker, such a situation could have occurred. Such an artificial intelligence ability to be remotely controlled by an insidious hacker can be devastating..

AI is a field full of promise and potential. But like almost all new domains, it is in a new phase and everything that comes out of its doors is not regulated. The threats associated with artificial intelligence are also real, and it is not good to wait for cyber security regulations to come and save the situation. In any case, compliance should be the result of good cyber security measures and infrastructure and not the other way around. Artificial intelligence is really exciting, but people have to stop and think about where they want to draw the line.

Published by inaedificatio

Website Manager

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